Pledging to cut annual net migration, ” she urged companies to prepare for a”significant change” with rules designed to shift the economy away from relying on cheap labour from Europe to get a”high-wage, higher skill, high productivity” future. Miss Patel said:”Today is a historic moment for the entire nation. We’re ending free movement, taking back control of our borders and delivering on the public’s priorities by introducing a brand new UK points-based immigration platform, that can bring overall migration numbers down.
“We will reduce overall levels of migration,” the document said.
Under the new system, foreign nationals applying to come to the UK for work purposes will have to meet a strict set of criteria.
“We will deliver a system which works at the interests of the whole of the UK and prioritises the skills that the person has to provide not where they came from,” the document adds.
The system will assign points for specific abilities, qualifications, salaries or professions and visas will be given to those who gain enough things.
Minimum requirements will include using a job offer from an approved sponsor that suits their skill level and being able to talk English.
Applicants meeting those criteria will be awarded 50 of the 70 points needed to successfully implement for an online”e-visa” to come to the UK under the new system.
However, for over the minimum points threshold, they’ll need to meet different criteria based on salary, attempting to work in a sector with a recognised labour shortage or a having a PhD.
A minimal overall salary brink of £25,600 will establish, although distinct amounts could be set in some particular sectors of the economy.
The proposals, to be put to Parliament in a new Immigration Bill later this year, are designed to close the general path to the country for temporary or unskilled workers.
“We won’t present a general low-skilled or temporary work path. We need to alter the focus of the market away from a reliance on cheap labour from Europe and instead concentrate on investment in automation and technology. Employers will need to correct,” stated the record.
Officials estimate that approximately 70% of EU migrants allowed into the united kingdom under current rules would be blocked under the new rules, although 3.2million EU citizens already living the UK is going to be permitted to stay below a settlement scheme.
Some essential public services with labour shortages, especially the NHS and social care system, will be exempt in the block on unskilled migrants however.
A scheme for allowing unskilled seasonal employees from abroad to work in agriculture is going to be enlarged to around 10,000 places per year under the move.
Britain’s immigration system was”distorted by European free movement rights” for too long and continues to be”failing to fit the needs of the British public,” the document said.
“From January 1 2021, both EU and non-EU citizens will be treated equally.
“We will reduce overall levels of migration and give top priority to people with the highest skills and the greatest talents: Researchers, scientists, engineers, academics and other highly-skilled employees”
In a warning to companies to prepare for the shift, the document added:”We recognise that these proposals represent a significant change for companies in the united kingdom and we will provide a detailed programme of communication and engagement in the coming months.”
Officials say the proposition indicates the Government have listened to the messages in the electorate in the 2016 EU referendum and also 2019 general election demanding an end to this nation’s dependence on cheap, low-skilled labour from overseas.
The programs attempt to decrease the general amount of annual net migration from the 226,000 recorded last year.
A brand new”global talent scheme” to attract high-skilled newcomers including scientists, engineers and academics will also be launched, the policy paper said.
Professor Alice Gast, President of Imperial College London, said:”British science is global. The new post-study work and Global Talent visas will help us to draw the world’s brightest students and researchers, where they come from.
“In the race to come up with a coronavirus vaccine to clean British science’s international collaborations drive innovation and excellence.”
The proposals will also overhaul the abilities threshold for applicants to allow migrants qualified up the equal of A-levels rather than degrees, which is currently the minimal for skilled migrants from outside the EU.
Student visa courses will also be points-based and be opened up to EU taxpayers, ensuring talent from round the globe has access to the UK’s world-class schools.
Those wanting to study in the united kingdom will need to demonstrate they have an offer from an approved educational institution, that they can support themselves financially and they speak English.
However, the usage of national identity cards will be phased out for traveling to the UK.
On a visit to Imperial College in London yesterday, Miss Patel explained the new system would make sure that immigration policy is back under the control of the Authorities for its”first time in decades”.
She explained:”On January 1, 2021, we’ll be ending the free movement of labour from the EU, but excitingly this will be our new approach — an immigration system which enables the Government to take control of our own immigration policy for the very first time in years.
“It’ll mean that we will have a international immigration system which does not discriminate between EU and non-EU, and it’ll essentially mean the brightest and the best will have the ability to return to the United Kingdom to bring their real abilities which we will recognise through a points-based system”
She added:”It is right that individuals should speak English to come to our nation, that they should have a sponsored route, whether it’s through a sponsored route through an academic institution.”
Diane Abbott, Labour’s shadow home secretary, said:”This isn’t an’Australian points-based program’, which will be a moot Government soundbite.
“It’s a salary threshold system, which will have to have numerous exemptions, for the NHS, for social care and several parts of the private sector, that it will be meaningless.
“Just as important is that which rights will be attached to these visas. If families are split because spouses and children are denied entrance, this is terrible to them and will discourage lots of the employees we need.
If they are all short-term visas only the most distressed workers will come, and will have the consequence of developing a two-tier work force.
“Ultimately, it will also be very difficult to attract the employees we want at all ability levels while the Tories’ hostile environment is in place. It ought to go.
“Labour will be pressing hard on all these factors as the legislation proceeds.”
He explained:”These proposals suggest that the Government isn’t serious about taking charge of immigration.
“Not only does millions of UK workers see their jobs opened up to new or greater competition from overseas employees in much poorer states but companies will no longer need to search for anyone at home before looking abroad.
“The main safeguard of a suitable pay threshold will be significantly reduced, with an added loophole that so-called’new entrants’ — who might be employees with a few years of experience — could be compensated little more than the UK minimum wage.
“With no cap on numbers coming via the main route from the beginning, this is a massive risk that will alert the 30 million individuals who were expecting this administration eventually to send on their longstanding promises to decrease immigration and show belief in young Brits, rather than giving into the demands of bosses.”
Mike Cherry, chairman of the Federation of Small Businesses, said:”We see the benefits of a points-based version, so long as it is one that is simple to use and economical for small companies — almost all of which haven’t any experience of using our current immigration system.
“Against a history of stifling skills shortages, slow economic growth and an aging population, it is critical that we get this right, particularly as the timeframes are so short.”
Which are the new rules?
Britain’s new immigration rules will mean that overseas nationals applying to work in the united kingdom is going to be rated because of their eligibility for a visa under a points scheme.
For their program to be prosperous, they have to score a minimum of 70 points.
Obtaining a job offer from a licensed sponsor that is suitable to their ability level and having the ability to speak English at a level given by the Home Office are mandatory prerequisites that score a total of 50 points.
If the job is in a job with a labor shortage like engineering or information technology the applicant can score a further 20 points.
Possessing a university doctorate provides 10 points with the figure rising to 20 points if the eligibility is in mathematics, engineering or math.
For example, a builder’s labourer unable to speak English with an £18,000-a-year job offer will evaluate just 20 points rather than be allowed to come to the UK to get the job done.
A skilled plumber with great English and a job offer with a £24,000 annual salary would score 20 and could also be blocked.
A Primary school teacher with £26,000-a-year job offer and good English would score 70 points and would secure a visa to work in the UK.
A college lecturer using a maths PhD with a supply of a £40,000-a-year would score 90 points and would also secure a visa.