On June 23, 2016, 17.4million of Britons voted to leave the EU. However, three years later, it is still unclear when, if and how the country will withdraw from the bloc. Boris Johnson became Prime Minister in July on the promise to deliver Brexit by October 31, no ifs or buts.
However, despite securing a new deal with EU, lawmakers rejected the Prime Minister’s timeline to push it through the Commons, leaving his pledge to exit by Halloween in tatters and the Brexit deal on hold.
Britain will now head for a general election on December 12
As uncertainty continues, famed constitutional historian David Starkey told Express.co.uk that this is not the first time Britons have been betrayed by the political establishment as the country’s membership in the EU was based on a lie.
Britain’s uncodified constitution is based on the fundamental principle of parliamentary sovereignty.
However, when the country joined the European Economic Community (EEC) – the precursor to the EU – a constitutional conflict automatically arose, between parliamentary sovereignty and the Brussels, which has a higher legal order.
When asked why this issue was overlooked by former Conservative Prime Minister Edward Heath, who successfully took Britain into the EEC on January 1, 1973, Mr Starkey said: “It was deliberately not talked about.
“It was Lord Kilmuir actually at the time of Heath who goes on the record, saying this is going to come back and bite us.
“There is a fundamental question of sovereignty which was deliberately not talked about.
“Because of course it was presented purely in the terms of the commercial deal.”
Mr Starkey added: “Right from the beginning, the Europeans never made any bones about this.
“This was a supranational and indeed anti-national project.”
Lord Salisbury is not the only one, who in the last 46 years, has put forward such claims.
Mr Heath has often been accused of betraying Britain and of having misled electorate about the repercussions of EEC’s membership.
In June 1971, a White Paper was sent to every home in the UK, promising: “There is no question of Britain losing essential sovereignty.”
Then, in a television broadcast in January 1973 to mark his signing of the Treaty of Rome, Mr Heath went as far as to say: : “There are some in this country who fear that, in going into Europe, we shall in some way sacrifice independence and sovereignty.
“These fears, I need hardly say, are completely unjustified.”
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However, Mr Heath’s assertion is largely at odds with what he verifiably already knew about the EEC.
According to files relating to Mr Heath’s application to join the Community, released by the Public Record Office at Kew in 2001, the former Prime Minister was fully aware of the bloc’s objectives – long before he took Britain into the EEC in 1973.
In June 1970, the Council of Ministers of the Community approved the plan of then Prime Minister of Luxembourg Pierre Werner, issued in his “Interim Report on the Establishment by Stages of Economic and Monetary Union”.
Less than two weeks after the report was published, on November 9, 1970, the British Foreign Office produced an assessment on the so-called Werner plan.
In complete contrast with Mr Heath’s claims, civil servants suggested that if the plan was fully implemented, member states would have ended up with less autonomy than US states as the EEC’s aim was to become a political union.
The assessment said: “At the ultimate stage, economic sovereignty would to all intents and purposes disappear at the national level and the Community would itself be the master of overall economic policy.
“The degree of freedom which would then be vested in national governments might indeed be somewhat less than the autonomy enjoyed by the constituent states of the USA.”
On June 23, 2016, 17.4million of Britons voted to leave the EU. However, three years later, it is still unclear when, if and how the country will withdraw from the bloc.
On June 23, 2016, 17.4million of Britons voted to leave the EU . However, three years later, it is still unclear when, if and how the country will withdraw from the bloc. Boris Johnson became Prime Minister in July on the promise to deliver Brexit by October 31, no ifs or buts.
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